Data on layers

access_time 2018-12-12T19:53:52.086Z face atul CCNA
+-------------+-------------------------+
        | Application |  Telnet, FTP, etc       |
        +-------------+-------------------------+
        | Transport   |  TCP, UDP               |
        +-------------+-------------------------+
        | Network     |  IP, ICMP               |
        +-------------+-------------------------+
        | Link        | drivers, interface card | 
        +-------------+-------------------------+

Segment: If the transport protocol is TCP, the unit of data sent from TCP to network layer is called Segment.

Datagram: This is used in 2 layers. If the network protocol is IP, the unit of data is called Datagram. At transport layer, if protocol is UDP, we use datagram there as well. Hence, we differentiate them as UDP DatagramIP Datagram.

Frame: Physical layer representation.

Packet: It is a more generic term used either transport layer or network layer. TCP PacketUDP PacketIP Packet etc. I have not seen it to represent Physical layer data units.

Fragment: My guess here is that when a unit of data is chopped up by a protocol to fit the MTU size, the resultant unit of data is called Fragments

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